570-325-2971 • 718-375-5063 • 805-973-7810
570-325-2971 • 718-375-5063 • 805-973-7810
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Works on the principal of transmitting certain types of radio waves that bounces off the target vehicle (yours) and measuring the Doppler frequency shift, the radar's microprocessor converts it to a displayed reading. Some radar units can be used in stationary or moving mode.
Laser / Lidar is similar to radar but uses infrared light and a time-based circuit to determine the target vehicle's speed.
Pacing / Pace / Clocking is where the Officer keeps a uniform distance to / from the target vehicle (yours) for a specific distance while monitoring his/her speedometer, in order to determine the target vehicle's speed.
Gap Time / Vascar / ENRADD uses a time based circuit versus a predetermined distance in order to obtain the speed of the target vehicle. In other words, we can use the equation of Speed = distance / time.
Airplane / Aerial / Aircraft / Helicopters uses either gap time / VASCAR or moving radar for speed detection.
Visual Estimation / Observation uses a human process in which the Police Officer observes the target vehicle prior to enter the speed measuring device "zone of influence" and determines how fast the vehicle in question is traveling.
All speed measuring devices should be calibrated at various time intervals. Secondly, the operator should be trained in the proper use of the said device. Thirdly, the Officer should perform a series of tests (as per manufacturer recommendations and State laws) as well as a traffic history of the general enforcement area.
Police Officers / Troopers that issue this specific type of violations or in some states are called citations are "Experts" in the operation of these aforementioned devices. Logically the best defense, of course if your innocent is to retain an "Expert" in this exact field. Remember you would not hire a plumber to perform open-heart surgery, obtain the right expert. Save your hard-earned money - don't hire another type of expert. Whoever you retain, if any, ask them a few questions:
1. What is your success rate for speeding violations?
2. What type of field investigation(s) are you going to perform?
3. Other than a court show, what evidence are you going to present in court, on the date of my trial?
On a closing note, put yourself in the judge's position, everyone claims they're "Not Guilty", the key is to prove it - Good Luck!!
These type of speed detection methods are used in certain States, e.g. New York (NY), New Jersey (NJ), California (CA), Utah, Connecticut (CT), West Virginia (WV), Pennsylvania (PA),Texas (Tx), Florida (FL), Arizona (Az), Utah, (UT - SLC), etc.
Let's face it, some motorist that are given a speeding ticket are really guilty. I personally agree with trying to get these dangerous motorists off our roadways. These drivers will continue to rack up more and more violations until they have their licenses revoked. After a truly innocent motorist receives this type of tickets / violation, he or she is very upset. Some drivers believe that the best solution is to have their day in court, in order to prove their innocents.
Testimonials / Reviews
If you have been pulled over for PROBABLE CAUSE while traveling in your vehicle , call the best EXPERT WITNESS to help defend you. Much of his work is concentrated on speeding due to radar , laser or pacing methods utilized by police. If you want a tough , highly successful Expert Witness , then call Perry Zucker !! - CR
I hired Mr. Zucker and his team to help my son fight a speeding ticket and probable cause. Mr. Zucker was instrumental in fighting this problem and getting all charges dismissed. TG
The cops pulled me over for a probable cause traffic stop where the police officer said I was intoxicated and I didn’t even have anything to drink. The police officer pulled me over for going 15 miles an hour over the speed limit when I was doing the speed limit. Perry Zucker proved to the court that the error of the speeding 15 mile an hour overage was incorrect and I was doing the limit….Richie S
It was a pleasure working with you on Mr. X’a case. Your dedication and attention to details went above and beyond most experts. You were a valuable asset to the defense team and played a major role in Mr. X's acquittal. Thank you for your expertise. - JD, Esq