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Police Traffic Radar Speeding Ticket Expert - By Perry Zucker

Radar Speeding - How  does Police Traffic Radar Works? (Theory): Radar speed measuring devices that are used to issue police traffic radar speeding tickets, utilize a method of an electronic beam (radiation - radio) that has various beam widths, which depends on the radar unit and/or band (frequency).


The police officer activates the unit at a moving vehicle. The unit emits the beam with a known frequency (t = 1/f; t: time, f: frequency).

How to Beat / Fighting a Police Traffic Radar Speeding Ticket - Trial Preparation (Defense)


Review all the document(s) / evidence (objectionable / objections) that the officer plans to use on the trial date. This might include maintenance, calibrations, training, and other data records. Police Officers that issue radar speeding tickets /  violations are "Experts" in the operation and not the theory of the aforementioned device(s).  A good defense, is to retain an "Expert / Expert Witness" in this exact field.  The expert should be an engineer, that is familiar with radar speed measuring device (certified speed measuring device operator / instructor), police training, vehicle characteristics, certified vehicle technician / mechanic, and court rules. Usually trial by declaration (mail) rarely is successful.


Police Traffic Radar  Expert Witness

We offer police radar experts / expert witnesses that can provide site investigations, forensically examine all material, as well as provide expert witness testimony concerning the police speeding ticket / probable cause traffic stops that are in question, that can level the court field of justice; nationwide.

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Radar Speeding Expert

The beam strikes the target and reflects back to the radar unit's with a shift in time / frequency. This is known as the "Doppler Shift or Frequency". The officer observes the target vehicle (yours / defendant) and reads the speed display on the radar unit’s digital display  - By Perry Zucker


Standard Operating Procedure For Police Traffic Radar - Expert Witness:

The police officer should perform a series of tests (as per manufacturer / federal / state), which may assist the operator in determining if the radar unit is operating. He/she should be trained in the proper use of this specific device. A traffic history may also be needed, in the general area of the traffic speeding violation.


What are the errors of police radar?

Discrepancies in accuracy may occur if radar gun is not operated correctly / properly / calibrated.


What are the different types of police radar (Doppler)?


Stationary Radar: This occurs when the police vehicle is parked on the side of the road.  The radar unit is activated when the target vehicle (yours / defendant) is in and/or near the zone of influence (beam).

Moving Radar: This occurs when the police vehicle and the target vehicle (yours / defendant) is moving.  The radar unit is activated when the target vehicle (yours / defendant) is in and/or near the zone of influence (beam). The radar in some cases can determine the speed in different direction(s). Police radar has different bands (frequency), which will determine the beam width as well as other factors.

Police Radar Gun Accuracy - For Speed

In most states radar has been given judicial recognition. The accuracy specification(s) level / must be met by federal / state law(s) /regulations to be  +/-  >  01 mph (accurate).

State

Statute

State

Statute

State

Statute

Alabama

32-5A-190, 32-5A-171

Alaska

 28.35.040, 13 AAC 002.275

Arizona

  28-693, 28-701, 28-701.02

Arkansas

 27-50-308, 27-51-201

California

 VC §22348(b), 22352

Colorado

  42-4-1101, 42-4-1401, 42-4-1402

Connecticut (Ct)

14-222, 14-218a, 14-219

Delaware

21-4168, 21-4175

District of Columbia

DC Code 50-2201.04

Florida

 316.192, 316.183, 316.187

Georgia

 40-6-390, 40-6-180 to 189

Hawaii

291-2, 291C-101, 291C-102

Idaho

49-1401, 49-654

Illinois

625 ILCS 5/11-503, 5/11-601

Indiana

9-21-5, 9-21-8-52

Iowa

 321.277, 321.285

Kansas

 8-1558, 8-1566

Kentucky

189.290, 189.390

Louisiana

 §32:61-32:64

Maine

29A §2413, 29A §2074

Maryland

 21-801.1, 21-901.1

Massachusetts

 Ch. 90 §17, Ch. 90 §24

Michigan

257.626, 257.627-257.633

Minnesota

169.14, 169.13

Mississippi

 63-3-501, 63-3-1201

Missouri

304.010, 304.012

Montana

 61-8-301, 61-8-303

Nebraska

60-6,213, 60-6,186

Nevada

484.377, 484.361

New Hampshire

 265:79, 265:60

New Jersey (NJ)

 39:4-96, 39:4-98

New Mexico

  66-8-113, 66-7-301

New York (NY)

VTL 1180 d1, d2, d3, d4,  1212, 1643

North Carolina

20-16.1, 20-141

North Dakota

39-08-03, 39-09-02

Ohio

4511.20, 4511-21

Oklahoma

 47-11-901, 47-11-801

Oregon

811.109, 811.140

Pennsylvania

75 §3362, 75 §3736

Puerto Rico

T. 9 § 5122, T. 9 § 5128

Rhode Island

31-14

South Carolina

56-5-11

South Dakota

 32-24, 32-25

Tennessee

55-10-205, 55-8-152

Texas

§545.352, §545.401

Utah

 41-6a-601, 41-6a-528

Vermont

 23/1091, 23/1081, 23/1097

Virginia

  46.2-862, 46.2-870

Washington

 46.61.500, 46.61.400, 46.61.465

West Virginia

17C-5-3, 17C-6

Wisconsin

 346.57, 346.62

Wyoming

 31-5-301, 31-5-229




* As of 2012


State Statutes for  Speeding*   (Radar Gun)

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If you have been pulled over for PROBABLE CAUSE while traveling in your vehicle , call the best EXPERT WITNESS to help defend you. Much of his work is concentrated on speeding due to radar , laser or pacing methods utilized by police. If you want a tough , highly successful Expert Witness , then call Perry Zucker !! - CR


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Your Experts: Police Traffic Radar for Probable Cause Stops & Reasonable Suspicion / Violations