Perry Zucker 570-325-2971 | traffic accident expert | traffic speeding ticket expert witness Traffic Accident | Speeding Tickets | Experts

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Perry Zucker | Traffic Accidents | Speeding Tickets | Expert Witness

      T H E   O F F I C E S   O F
    
PERRY  J.  ZUCKER                                         D e g r e e d   E n g i n e e r s

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Traffic Speeding Tickets | Traffic Accident Reconstruction | Expert Witness Testimony

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Pace Speed Accuracy

Pacing / Pace speeding devices has NOT been given judicial recognition in all states.   However, the accuracy specification(s) level / must be met by law(s) / regulations to be  +/-  single digital mph (accurate).

                                                 








































Errors

Discrepancies in accuracy may occur if Pace / Pacing device, e.g. speedometer is not operated correctly / properly / calibrated.


Pacing / Pace Speeding Ticket - Trial Preparation:

Review all the document(s) / evidence (objectionable / objections) that the officer plans to use on the trial date; discovery. This might include maintenance, calibrations, training, and other data records; check date(s), ser. / mfg / product numbers. Police Officers that issue Pacing / Pace speeding tickets /  violations are "Experts" in the operation and not the theory of the aforementioned devices. Logically the best defense, is to retain an "Expert / Expert Witness" in this exact field.  The expert should be an engineer, that is familiar with Pacing / Pace speed measuring device (certified speed measuring device operator / instructor), police training , vehicle characteristics, certified vehicle technician/ mechanic, as well as court rules.  It bears mentioning that trial by declaration (mail) rarely is successful (selected states).


Pacing / Clocking Speeding Expert Witness

We offer speeding ticket pacing / clocking experts that can provide site investigations, review of all material, as well as expert witness testimony concerning the speeding ticket that is in question.

State Statutes for  Speeding*  (Pacing / Pace)

Pacing Speeding Ticket Expert



Pacing / Pace / Paced Speeding - How Police Pacing / Pace Works? (Theory):

Pacing (clocking)  measuring devices that are used to issue pace speeding tickets, allows the operator (police officer) to keeps a uniform distance from the rear / front / side of the target vehicle (yours / defendant). - By Perry Zucker


Police Pacing / Pace / Paced  - Standard Operating Procedure:

The police officer / trooper performs a series of tests, which may assist the operator in determining if the device unit is operating,  e.g. moving radar, etc.  The police officer / operator should be trained in the proper use of this specific device.  

Distance For Pacing A Vehicle:


Police use different overall distance, which can depend on weather conditions, terrain, and traffic. These can range of from one tenth (1/10) to five (5) miles plus.

State

Statute

State

Statute

State

Statute

Alabama

32-5A-190, 32-5A-171

Alaska

28.35.040, 13 AAC 002.275

Arizona

 28-693, 28-701, 28-701.02

Arkansas

27-50-308, 27-51-201

California

VC §22348(b), 22352

Colorado

 42-4-1101, 42-4-1401, 42-4-1402

Connecticut

14-222, 14-218a, 14-219

Delaware

21-4168, 21-4175

District of Columbia

DC Code 50-2201.04

Florida

316.192, 316.183, 316.187

Georgia

40-6-390, 40-6-180 to 189

Hawaii

291-2, 291C-101, 291C-102

Idaho

49-1401, 49-654

Illinois

625 ILCS 5/11-503, 5/11-601

Indiana

9-21-5, 9-21-8-52

Iowa

321.277, 321.285

Kansas

8-1558, 8-1566

Kentucky

189.290, 189.390

Louisiana

§32:61-32:64

Maine

29A §2413, 29A §2074

Maryland

21-801.1, 21-901.1

Massachusetts

Ch. 90 §17, Ch. 90 §24

Michigan

257.626, 257.627-257.633

Minnesota

169.14, 169.13

Mississippi

63-3-501, 63-3-1201

Missouri

304.010, 304.012

Montana

61-8-301, 61-8-303

Nebraska

60-6,213, 60-6,186

Nevada

484.377, 484.361

New Hampshire

265:79, 265:60

New Jersey

39:4-96, 39:4-98

New Mexico

 66-8-113, 66-7-301

New York

VTL 1180 d1, d2, d3, d4,  1212, 1643

North Carolina

20-16.1, 20-141

North Dakota

39-08-03, 39-09-02

Ohio

4511.20, 4511-21

Oklahoma

47-11-901, 47-11-801

Oregon

811.109, 811.140

Pennsylvania

75 §3362, 75 §3736

Puerto Rico

T. 9 § 5122, T. 9 § 5128

Rhode Island

31-14

South Carolina

56-5-11

South Dakota

32-24, 32-25

Tennessee

55-10-205, 55-8-152

Texas

§545.352, §545.401

Utah

41-6a-601, 41-6a-528

Vermont

23/1091, 23/1081, 23/1097

Virginia

 46.2-862, 46.2-870

Washington

46.61.500, 46.61.400, 46.61.465

West Virginia

17C-5-3, 17C-6

Wisconsin

346.57, 346.62

Wyoming

31-5-301, 31-5-229




* As of 2012


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