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Pacing Speeding Ticket Expert - By Perry Zucker

Pacing / Pace / Paced Speeding - How Police Pacing / Pace Works? (Theory):

Pacing (clocking)  measuring devices that are used to issue pace speeding tickets, allows the operator (police officer) to keeps a uniform distance from the rear / front / side of the target vehicle (yours / defendant). - By Perry Zucker


Police Pacing / Pace / Paced  - Standard Operating Procedure:

Pacing / Clocking Speeding Expert Witness

We offer speeding ticket pacing / clocking experts that can provide site investigations, review of all material, as well as expert witness testimony concerning the speeding ticket that is in question.

State

Statute

State

Statute

State

Statute

Alabama

32-5A-190, 32-5A-171

Alaska

 28.35.040, 13 AAC 002.275

Arizona

  28-693, 28-701, 28-701.02

Arkansas

 27-50-308, 27-51-201

California

 VC §22348(b), 22352

Colorado

  42-4-1101, 42-4-1401, 42-4-1402

Connecticut

14-222, 14-218a, 14-219

Delaware

21-4168, 21-4175

District of Columbia

DC Code 50-2201.04

Florida

 316.192, 316.183, 316.187

Georgia

 40-6-390, 40-6-180 to 189

Hawaii

291-2, 291C-101, 291C-102

Idaho

49-1401, 49-654

Illinois

625 ILCS 5/11-503, 5/11-601

Indiana

9-21-5, 9-21-8-52

Iowa

 321.277, 321.285

Kansas

 8-1558, 8-1566

Kentucky

189.290, 189.390

Louisiana

 §32:61-32:64

Maine

29A §2413, 29A §2074

Maryland

 21-801.1, 21-901.1

Massachusetts

 Ch. 90 §17, Ch. 90 §24

Michigan

257.626, 257.627-257.633

Minnesota

169.14, 169.13

Mississippi

 63-3-501, 63-3-1201

Missouri

304.010, 304.012

Montana

 61-8-301, 61-8-303

Nebraska

60-6,213, 60-6,186

Nevada

484.377, 484.361

New Hampshire

 265:79, 265:60

New Jersey

 39:4-96, 39:4-98

New Mexico

  66-8-113, 66-7-301

New York

VTL 1180 d1, d2, d3, d4,  1212, 1643

North Carolina

20-16.1, 20-141

North Dakota

39-08-03, 39-09-02

Ohio

4511.20, 4511-21

Oklahoma

 47-11-901, 47-11-801

Oregon

811.109, 811.140

Pennsylvania

75 §3362, 75 §3736

Puerto Rico

T. 9 § 5122, T. 9 § 5128

Rhode Island

31-14

South Carolina

56-5-11

South Dakota

 32-24, 32-25

Tennessee

55-10-205, 55-8-152

Texas

§545.352, §545.401

Utah

 41-6a-601, 41-6a-528

Vermont

 23/1091, 23/1081, 23/1097

Virginia

  46.2-862, 46.2-870

Washington

 46.61.500, 46.61.400, 46.61.465

West Virginia

17C-5-3, 17C-6

Wisconsin

 346.57, 346.62

Wyoming

 31-5-301, 31-5-229




* As of 2012


State Statutes for  Speeding*   (Pacing / Pace)

Our office can provide the following services:

View Pacing Demo Speedometer Pacing

The police officer / trooper performs a series of tests, which may assist the operator in determining if the device unit is operating,  e.g. moving radar, etc.  The police officer / operator should be trained in the proper use of this specific device.  

Distance For Pacing A Vehicle:

Police use different overall distance, which can depend on weather conditions, terrain, and traffic. These can range of from one tenth (1/10) to five (5) miles plus.


Pace Speed Accuracy

Pacing / Pace speeding devices has NOT been given judicial recognition in all states.   However, the accuracy specification(s) level / must be met by law(s) / regulations to be  +/-  single digital mph (accurate).

Errors

Discrepancies in accuracy may occur if Pace / Pacing device, e.g. speedometer is not operated correctly / properly / calibrated.

Pacing / Pace Speeding Ticket - Trial Preparation:

Review all the document(s) / evidence (objectionable / objections) that the officer plans to use on the trial date; discovery. This might include maintenance, calibrations, training, and other data records; check date(s), ser. / mfg / product numbers. Police Officers that issue Pacing / Pace speeding tickets /  violations are "Experts" in the operation and not the theory of the aforementioned devices.

Logically the best defense, is to retain an "Expert / Expert Witness" in this exact field.  The expert should be an engineer, that is familiar with Pacing / Pace speed measuring device (certified speed measuring device operator / instructor), police training , vehicle characteristics, certified vehicle technician/ mechanic, as well as court rules.  It bears mentioning that trial by declaration (mail) rarely is successful (selected states).

Speeding Tickets Expert Police Traffic Stops Expert Witness Report

Reasons for Probable Cause Stops

Most "Probable Cause" traffic stops are for an indirect reason(s)

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Client’s Testimonials / Reviews

I hired Mr. Zucker’s office to help with a defense of a speeding ticket

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Retaining an Expert Witness

By definition an expert witness by virtue of scientific, technical, or other