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Gap Time / Vascar Speeding Ticket Expert - By Perry Zucker

Gap Time / Vascar Speeding - How Police Gap Time / Vascar Works? (Theory):

Gap Time / Vascar, (which stands for Visual Average Speed Computed and Recorded), speed measuring devices that are used to issue Gap Time / Vascar speeding tickets, utilize a method  (gap time / vascar) uses a timing theory between two (2) points with a known distance, e.g. perpendicular roadway painted lines, trees, cones, etc.


Gap Time / Vascar Speeding Ticket - Trial Preparation:

Review all the document(s) / evidence (objectionable / objections) that the Officer plans to use on the trial date. Police Officers that issue gap timing / Vascar speeding tickets /  violations are "Experts" in the operation of the aforementioned devices. Logically the best defense, is to retain an "Expert / Expert Witness" in  this exact field. The expert  should be an engineer, that is familiar with gap time / vascar speed measuring device (certified speed measuring device operator / instructor), police training , vehicle characteristics, certified vehicle technician/ mechanic, as well as court rules.  
Usually trial by declaration (mail) rarely is successful (selected states).


State

Statute

State

Statute

State

Statute

Alabama

32-5A-190, 32-5A-171

Alaska

 28.35.040, 13 AAC 002.275

Arizona

  28-693, 28-701, 28-701.02

Arkansas

 27-50-308, 27-51-201

California

 VC §22348(b), 22352

Colorado

  42-4-1101, 42-4-1401, 42-4-1402

Connecticut

14-222, 14-218a, 14-219

Delaware

21-4168, 21-4175

District of Columbia

DC Code 50-2201.04

Florida

 316.192, 316.183, 316.187

Georgia

 40-6-390, 40-6-180 to 189

Hawaii

291-2, 291C-101, 291C-102

Idaho

49-1401, 49-654

Illinois

625 ILCS 5/11-503, 5/11-601

Indiana

9-21-5, 9-21-8-52

Iowa

 321.277, 321.285

Kansas

 8-1558, 8-1566

Kentucky

189.290, 189.390

Louisiana

 §32:61-32:64

Maine

29A §2413, 29A §2074

Maryland

 21-801.1, 21-901.1

Massachusetts

 Ch. 90 §17, Ch. 90 §24

Michigan

257.626, 257.627-257.633

Minnesota

169.14, 169.13

Mississippi

 63-3-501, 63-3-1201

Missouri

304.010, 304.012

Montana

 61-8-301, 61-8-303

Nebraska

60-6,213, 60-6,186

Nevada

484.377, 484.361

New Hampshire

 265:79, 265:60

New Jersey

 39:4-96, 39:4-98

New Mexico

  66-8-113, 66-7-301

New York

VTL 1180 d1, d2, d3, d4,  1212, 1643

North Carolina

20-16.1, 20-141

North Dakota

39-08-03, 39-09-02

Ohio

4511.20, 4511-21

Oklahoma

 47-11-901, 47-11-801

Oregon

811.109, 811.140

Pennsylvania

75 §3362, 75 §3736

Puerto Rico

T. 9 § 5122, T. 9 § 5128

Rhode Island

31-14

South Carolina

56-5-11

South Dakota

 32-24, 32-25

Tennessee

55-10-205, 55-8-152

Texas

§545.352, §545.401

Utah

 41-6a-601, 41-6a-528

Vermont

 23/1091, 23/1081, 23/1097

Virginia

  46.2-862, 46.2-870

Washington

 46.61.500, 46.61.400, 46.61.465

West Virginia

17C-5-3, 17C-6

Wisconsin

 346.57, 346.62

Wyoming

 31-5-301, 31-5-229




* As of 2012


State Statutes for  Speeding*   (Gap Time / Vascar)

View Gap Time Demo

Simply put, we can derive, of course in a very elementary form, the following: (i) d d = d2 - d1 d: distance  (ii) d t = t2 - t1 t: time (iii) v = d d/d t; v: velocity.


The officer / trooper observes the target vehicle (yours / defendant) and engages / disengages the unit.  He/she reads the speed display of the gap time / Vascar unit’s digital display. - By Perry Zucker

Police Gap Time / Timing / Vascar - Standard Operating Procedure:

The police officer / operator performs a series of tests, which may assist the operator in determining if the gap time / Vascar unit is operating. The police officer / operator should be trained in the proper use of this specific device.


Gap Time / Vascar -  Distance Between The Points

Distances between two points that can vary > 100 feet .


Gap Time / Vascar Speed  Accuracy

Gap timing / Vascar speeding devices has NOT been given judicial recognition in all states. The accuracy specification(s) level ideally should  be  +/-  single digital  mph (accurate).   


Errors

Discrepancies in accuracy may occur if gap time / vascar  is not operated correctly / properly / calibrated and/or the police officer response / reaction time.

Gap Time / Vascar device

Vascar / Gap Time Speeding Expert Witness Services


We offer gap time / vascar experts that can provide site investigations, review of all material, as well as expert witness testimony concerning the police speeding ticket / pobable cause traffic stops that are in question; nationwide.

Police Traffic Stops

Reasons for Probable Cause Stops

Most "Probable Cause" traffic stops are  reason(s)

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Testimonials / Reviews

                       


                        

If you have been pulled over for PROBABLE CAUSE while traveling in your vehicle , call the best EXPERT WITNESS to help defend you. Much of his work is concentrated on speeding due to radar , laser or pacing methods utilized by police. If you want a tough , highly successful Expert Witness , then call Perry Zucker !! - CR


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